“La custode di mia sorella”. La malattia tra lotta e destino - “My Sister’s Keeper”. Disease between struggle and destiny
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Released in 2009 and based on the eponymous novel by Jodi Picoult (My Sister’s Keeper), the film by Nick Cassavetes, is a valid example of dramatization of bioethics issues, besides having a well written story and a good acting. The problem of artificial reproduction; the generation of a new human being in order to cure another one seriously ill (sacrificing the life of the first and of other not selected embryos); conflicts between husband and wife, and in a family in general; all this leads to the tragic extreme choice of (real or simulated, it does not matter) rebellion and recourse to legal means to oppose to life exploitation. In less than a hundred minutes, spectator watches the ethical issues underneath the painful decisions of the characters; these situations are presented avoiding both the easy temptation of moralism both indiscriminate permissiveness. The bittersweet ending leaves open plenty of space for reflection and debate, even if no one of the characters is morally valuated or condemned; indeed in the final scene comes out the desire of serenity among the sufferings they have tried in every way to undermine. Final voiceover is conciliatory and not vindictive, too. Starting from the film analysis, the present paper focus on one of the main concerns of bioethics, namely the relationship between biotechnology and the human good, considering also the value of new powers, new and old desires, and ethical issues claiming to be justified in relation to the highest human good. The postmodern definition of human categories (for example motherhood, family, disease) through technology requires rational reflexivity and certainly not just a simply emotional approach. The proposal is that an integration of reasonableness is needed, avoiding falling into the traps of impulsivity and sentimentalism of course without exceeding with the coldness or indifference even when facing old and new dramas of death.
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