Metamorfosi del mitico, linee di sviluppo di una ‘mitocritica’ cinematografica: da Gilgamesh ad ‘‘Iron Man’’ - Metamorphosis of the mythical, towards a development of cinematographic mythocriticism/mythocritique from Gilgamesh to ‘‘Iron Man’’
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The essay consider the notion of sermo mythicus, one of the most important ideas in Gilbert Durand’s production. With J. Hillman, G. Bachelard and M. Eliade, Durand consider myths, images and symbols as structural elements of human constitution. Myth, in particular, is defined as the model of every meaningful narrative structure. The author, during his long and fruitful career, tested trough pratical verification the heuristic value of this method, and created a new way to approach the topic, known as mythocritique. Thanks to this method, Durand realized a qualitative interpretation of the mythical-symbolical implications, operative inside anthropological narrations, in which he recognizes, by analogy, the mechanism of sermo mythicus. Starting from these attainments, I try to develop the same question in a different field, the cinematographic narration. Our question will be: which structural elements of myth are preserved, and which ones are not? At what kind of metamorphosis are they subjected to? Which anthropological structural elements do share Uruk’s king Gilgamesh and Tony Stark, alias Iron Man?
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